Thursday, November 19, 2015

#8 Second Competition for Teacher Generated Materials / Heroes / Grade 11

#8 Second Competition for Teacher Generated Materials / Heroes / Grade 11

Overall Objective: students will be able to analyze, describe and define a hero

Language Objective: Students will practice pre, while and post reading activities, as well as to make a timeline of a person’s life events while reading.

Civic Education Objective: Students will define a hero.

Curriculum Connection:

Class Context and Needs:  21 students.

Materials: handouts, flip charts, markers, pens, slips of paper.
Pre-reading activity
While reading activity
Post reading activity

“Fish bowl” activity
K-W-L chart (L column)

Overall Objective: students will be able to analyze, describe and define a hero
Language Objective: Students will practice pre, while and post reading activities, as well as make a timeline of a person’s life events while reading.
Civic Education Objective: Students will define a hero.
Stage of Lesson
Warm Up

Teacher tells Ss that their “word of the day” is hero but instead of her, they are going to define the word themselves with “think, pair and share” activity. Teacher puts up a flip chart on the wall with 3 questions (what is heroism? Does heroism have gender? What qualities do heroes have?) and asks them to think about the answers individually and gives them 2 minutes, after time’s up she instructs them to share their ideas with their partners (person sitting next to them) and after 1 minute the pairs report their answers and whole class comes up with the definition of a hero, which teacher writes on the flip chart along the characteristic they think a hero has.
7 min
Activity 1

Teacher shows students two pictures (M.L. King and Malala Yousafzai.) and asks them if they know anything about them, at the same time she puts up a flip chart of K-W-L chart and fills the K column with the info students know. If there is any questions and expectation Ss want to know she fills in the W column.
2-3 min
Activity 2

T askes Ss to form groups of five where they sit (if there are formed stronger groups T askes some of the students to switch the places). T distributes the texts cut into 5 parts, each part to each student, markers and a flip chart. She asks groups to create a timeline of a hero as a group but so that they don’t show their text parts to other members. She asks Ss to highlight the event they think were heroic in their lives.
10-15 min
Activity 3

T give a box of questions to one student. There are yellow and pink papers. Yellow papers have names and pink ones questions. T takes one yellow and one pink paper and demonstrates that she will ask this question to that person on the paper, than that person takes his/her turn and so on…
10 min
Activity 4

T asks students to look at the definition of hero they came up and add some ideas or characteristics if they have after reading about the heroes.
2 min
Activity 5

T askes students to write what they have learned about the heroes in pair and stick the paper in the L column. Then teacher reads them aloud.
4 min

T gives Ss homework to choose a Georgian person they think is a hero, create a timeline with his/her important life events and represent in front of class for the next lesson. Meanwhile T  is giving away colorful sticky papers and tells students that they are their exit tickets, She writes Malala’s quote on the flip chart with gaps (One---------
                                         One -----------
                                         And one------------
                                         Can change the world) and asks students to write their own ideas and stick on the flipchart.
4 min

Early Life of Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta on 15 January 1929. Both his father and grandfather were pastors in an African-American Baptist church. After skipping 9th and 12th grades at school, at the age of 15 he attended Morehouse College in Atlanta and then went to study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania and Boston University. During his time at University Martin Luther King became aware of the vast inequality and injustice faced by black Americans; in particular he was influenced by Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violent protest. The philosophy of Gandhi tied in with the teachings of his Baptist faith. At the age of 24, King married Coretta Scott, a beautiful and talented young woman. After getting married, King became a priest at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.


                      Montgomery Bus Boycott
A turning point in the life of Martin Luther King was the Montgomery Bus Boycott which he helped to promote. His boycott also became a turning point in the civil rights struggle – attracting national press for the cause.
It began on 5 December 1955 after Rosa Parks, a civil rights activist, refused to given up her seat – she was sitting in a white only area. This broke the strict segregation of colored and white people on the Montgomery buses. The bus company refused to back down and so Martin Luther King helped to organize a strike where colored people refused to use any of the city buses. The boycott lasted for 385 days. During the campaign Dr. King received threats and his house was even bombed, but this didn’t stopped him, the issue was brought to the Supreme Court who declared the segregation was unconstitutional.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was formed in 1957 just after the Montgomery Bus Boycott had ended. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference’s (SCLC) main aim was to advance the cause of civil rights in America but in a non-violent manner.  In 1957, Martin Luther King Jr recognized for his courage, intellect, and leadership skills, was chosen as their spokesman. His trip to India to meet Mahatma Gandhi cemented his belief on non-violence resistance. He took the ideals for SCLC from Christian teachings and adopted the non-violent operational techniques from Mahatma Gandhi.

The period between 1957 and 1968 witnessed the appearance of Martin Luther King Jr. more than 2500 times, to speak against the injustices towards black people. Birmingham Campaign in Alabama, in 1963 which lasted for two months, was organized as a protest for right to vote, desegregation and labor rights. This protest attracted media’s attention and played a significant role in bringing about the civil rights movement to American politics.
A great march was led by Martin Luther King Jr., in Washington DC, on August 28, 1963. The march demanded the end of racial segregation in public schools and thoughtful civil rights legislation. The march proved to be successful and concluded with Martin Luther King’s speech “I have a dream” at Lincoln Memorial.
” I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood”
                                                                                                                                                             M. L. King
On Thursday, April 4, 1968, King was staying at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis. According to biographer Taylor Branch, King's last words were to musician Ben Branch, who was scheduled to perform that night at a planned event. King said, "Ben, make sure you play 'Take My Hand, Precious Lord' in the meeting tonight. Play it real pretty."
King had gone out onto the balcony and was standing near his room when he was shot at 6:01 p.m., by a single  bullet. The bullet entered through King's right cheek. King was rushed to St. Joseph's Hospital bleeding and unconscious but he never regained consciousness and was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m.
The death of King sent shock waves across the country and resulted in riots in cities nationwide. The President of United States - Johnson, declared a national day of mourning in his honor.
In 1983 president Ronal Reagan signed a law which legislated Martin Luther king’s day on the third Monday in January, which is around his birthday 15th of January.


                    Early Life Malala
Malala was born (12 July 1997) in Mingora, the Swat District of north west Pakistan to a Sunni Muslim family. She was named Malala, which means ‘grief stricken’. Her father, Ziauddin Yousafzai is a poet, and runs a chain of public schools. He is a leading educational advocate himself. In 2009, she began writing an anonymous blog for the BBC expressing her views on education and life under the threat of the Taliban taking over her valley. During this period, the Taliban’s military hold on the area intensified. Taliban took control of the area and banned television, music, and banned women from going shopping and limiting women’s education. Many girls’ schools were blown up and as a consequence pupils stayed at home scared of Taliban’s military forces. Malala and her father began to receive death threats for their outspoken views.


                 ·     She started speaking about education rights in 2008 when she was just 11 years old. She addressed an audience at a local press club in Peshawar and protested: “How dare the Taliban take away my basic right to education?” Her words were remarkable, not only for their intelligence, but also for their fearlessness.
                  ·     Encouraged by her father, she began writing an anonymous blog for the BBC Urdu website under the pseudonym “Gul Makai”. The idea of a schoolgirl blogging about the Taliban’s growing influence in Swat was originated by BBC Urdu. Her first blog entry was posted on 3 January 2009. She wrote about how fewer girls dared to attend school because of the Taliban, and how the Taliban had forced the school shut. She continued writing when the school later reopened and she along with her friends could again attend classes as they did before. Then she gave her school exams and ended the blog in March 2009. Even though she wrote the blog anonymously, her identity was later revealed and she became a popular teenage activist who was often called to give speeches.
                  ·  Over the next couple of years she continued to gain in popularity, even receiving an award from the Prime Minister of Pakistan. The Taliban was increasingly becoming agitated with this young crusader and she routinely received death threats.

On 9 October, 2012, a masked gunman entered her school bus and asked “Which one of you is Malala? Speak up; otherwise I will shoot at you all.”
Malala was identified and she was shot with a single bullet which went through her head, neck and shoulder. Two other girls were also injured, though not as badly as Malala.
Malala survived the initial shooting, but was in a critical condition. Her critical organs were failing and she developed an infection. On 15 October she was moved to Birmingham in the United Kingdom at a specialist hospital for treating military injuries. A couple of days later, she came out of a coma and responded well to treatment. She was discharged on January 3, 2013 and moved with her family to a temporary home and resumed her studies in Birmingham.
Her assassination received worldwide criticism and protests across Pakistan. Over 2 million people signed the Right to Education campaign. The petition helped the ratification of Pakistan’s first right to education law in Pakistan.

Awards & Achievements

       ·         She was given with Pakistan's third-highest civilian bravery award in October 2012.
In November the same year she was presented with Mother Teresa Awards for Social Justice.
       ·         The Clinton Foundation presented her with the Clinton Global Citizen Award in 2013.
       ·         The European Parliament honored her with the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 2013.
       ·         She was awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize “for her struggle for the right of all children to education".

After recovering

On her 16th birthday in 2013 She gave a speech at the United Nation. “One child, one teacher, one pen and one book can change the world. Education is the only solution. Education first.”
– UN Speech, July 12, 2013
The UN named the event "Malala Day". The same year, her autobiography, ‘I Am Malala: The Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban’ was published.
THE MALALA FUND - Her determination to ensure all girls get an education hasn't weakened even for a moment. In September, 2013 she launched the Malala Fund, which will support 40 Pakistani girls through school.

Questions – Hero - Martin Luther King

1.      Where and when did Martin Luther king give his “I have a dream” speech?
2.      What was a turning point in Martin Luther king’s life?
3.      When did the Montgomery Bus Boycott begin?
4.      What was the trigger of Montgomery Bus Boycott?
5.      How long did Montgomery Bus boycott last?
6.      What decision did the Supreme Court declare?
7.      What was the aim of Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)?
8.      Who was Martin Luther king inspired by?
9.      How long did Birmingham campaign last?
10.  What happened in 1963?
11.  Why was Birmingham campaign important?
12.  What did Martin Luther king demand in Washington in 1963?
13.  What was  Martin Luther king’s dream?
14.  How, when  and where did Martin Luther king die?
15.  When is Martin Luther king’s day celebrated?

Questions – Malala

        1.      Malala was given a lot of reward, which one do you recall?
        2.      When did Malala receive The Nobel Price and what for?
        3.      Can you quote Malala’s words?
        4.      Where did Malala give a speech on her 16th birthday?
        5.      What is the name of Malala’s book?
        6.      Malala founded “Malala’s Fund” in 2013, who is she helping to?
        7.      How old was Malala when she gave a speech against Taliban’s restrictions? what did she protest?
        8.      The date Malala posted her first blog and how long was she blogging?
        9.      What was Malala writing in her first blog about?
        10.  Why, where and when was Malala shot?
        11.  What was the people’s reaction after Taliban tried to kill Malala?
        12.  What award did Malala receive from Pakistan’s Prime-Minister?

       Evaluate this material

No comments:

Post a Comment