Thursday, March 26, 2015

#8: Competition for Teacher Generated Materials: Holidays/ Grade 10-12

Level: Pre-Intermediate/Intermediate (10-12th grade);
Class size: 20 Sts

Time: 45m

General objectives:
·         identify characteristics of celebrating top 13 Craziest Festivals around the world;
Language objective:
·         write about/create a festival they would like to be celebrated in Georgia, according the given top 13 examples, using the target vocabulary given in the texts.
Civic objective:
·         write about/create an imaginary festival.

Skills/work type
T divides the class into groups of two according the colored slips of papers. Sts with the red make the inside circle, sts with the green make the outside circle. Sts face each other in two circles.
T gives instructions. T asks a question, sts in the outside circle have to speak about the question for 1 minute to the students in the inside circle whom they are facing, then switch the roles. After the first question the outside circle steps to the left and faces other students. T asks the second question, sts answer another question. In total 3 questions will be asked. (Questions: 1. Which Georgian holiday do you like best? Why? 2. Which Georgian holiday do you like least? Why? 3. What international holiday do you know? Describe it.)
Step 1:
T divides the class into groups of 5(give out the slips of paper at random. The paper contains the names of vegetables and fruit: tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, apples, oranges, sts sit in groups according the fruit/vegetables. Four sts per group. Handout 1) and  gives out the pictures at random. (Handout 2). Each group gets 4 pictures. Several groups might have the same picture. Sts have to predict/discuss: What are the festivals in the pictures? Where do the festivals take place? Why is the festival special?
Speaking / Listening /groups
Step 1:
Sts discuss and try to identify the festivals. Sts answer above given 3 questions.
Step 2:
T elicits what sts have discussed through questions. T holds a picture so that every student can see and asks for information e.g. which group has this picture? What is the festival in the picture? Who else has the same picture? Where does this festival take place? What do you think why are they doing it?
Step 3:
T gives out the stories (Handout 3) of each picture to the groups who have the picture illustrating the festival given in the text. Sts read the texts to check their predictions.
Step 1:
T elicits the answers to the questions she has: and praises the groups whose answers to the following questions are the closest.
1.      What is the Festival called?
2.      Where does this holiday take place?
3.      What happens during the Holiday?

Step 1:
Sts work in groups to create the festival they would like to be celebrated in Georgia – sts can use the vocabulary from the texts to help them.
Step 2:
Sts present their presentations.
Prior Preparation
Cut out red and green paper to divide the class in pairs.(just like a slip of paper). Cut out Handout 1. Photocopy the pictures so that each group gets 4 different photos. Two different groups might have the same picture. Cut the pictures from Handout 2. Print out and cut out the texts - Handout 3(use colored paper if possible). Review the material to make sure you know which picture matches the text. Have plain paper just in case.

Handout 1

 Handout 2

 Handout 3
Holidays around the World

La Tomatina
The tomato fight has been a strong tradition in Bunol since 1944 or 1945. No one is completely certain how this event originated. Possible theories on how the Tomatina began include a local food fight among friends. This is an amazing festival in Spain, Buñol; It takes place every last Wednesday in August. It may sound strange but the main ingredient for the festival is a tomato, actually tons of tomatoes. Tomato lovers have fun! This is their festival. Each year tens of thousands of people go dawn on Buñol for La Tomatina, This is a celebration which lasts a week. The culmination of a week-long celebration of Buñol is tomato throwing. An estimated 125,000kg of tomatoes are used, People bring tomatoes in the town square by a bunch of lorries. Drunken participants dive in, throwing the fruit at each other until the streets run red and then it’s all over – in an hour. Main rule is to squash tomato before throwing not to be too painful.

Day of the Dead
November 1st and 2nd is Mexico’s Day of the Dead. The history dates back in time 4000 years. These days we think of it as a "Mexican holiday", but the origins of the Day of the Dead can actually be traced back several millennia before Mexico even existed as a country.
It’s a two-day festival celebrating the reunion of relatives who had died. One can see colourful costumes, loads of food and drink, skeletons, parties in cemeteries, skull-shaped items and bands performing next to graves. This beautiful, moving spectacle will fascinate you like Halloween witches. The day celebrates the continuation of life beyond. Celebrations are held by cultural Mexicans throughout the world, but a few of the bigger celebrations take place in Mexico City and Los Angeles. The Day of the Dead,” celebrates All Saints’ Day, which remembers all those who have passed before us. A colorful display of costume and culture is a day you don’t want to miss.

The ‘Night of the Radishes’
This might not sound  sensible but people celebrate radish day in Mexico every 23rd of December. You can love it or hate it, but you can’t ignore it. At least not in Oaxaca, Mexico, where the root vegetable has been the subject of an annual festival since 1897. The celebrations last just a few hours, during which time craftsmen compete to sculpt shapes from the season’s finest radishes. The ‘Night of the Radishes’ began as a marketing trick when the Spanish first brought radishes to Mexico in the 16th century, they carved them into different, nice shapes to attract buyers (although they didn’t go quite as far as the Japanese;). Today the tradition takes the form of a competition, as local artists carve amazing things from massive radishes for a cash prize and the respect of lovers of crisp, roots worldwide.
Battle of the Oranges
 The Spanish are well known for their annual food fight, La Tomatina, but that’s nothing compared to Italy’s Battle of the Oranges. The origins of this festival are unclear, but we do know that being hit in the face by citrus fruit is painful. However, that doesn't frighten participants, who turn up in their thousands to join the fight. The Historical Carnival of Ivrea is a unique Italian event of international importance, as acknowledged in the communication by the President of the Council. The spirit of Carnival lives through the re-enactment of the city’s liberation from tyranny dating back to Medieval times: a baron who starved the city was driven away thanks to a miller’s daughter who rebelled against the baron and asked people to revolt. In this commemoration every year the new version of the Carnival is celebrated as Festival involving the whole town, during which the community of Ivrea can show its self-determination.
Songkran Water Festival
The festival is celebrated in Chiang Mai, Thailand Every April 13-15. It is celebrated in the last days of the old year and the Lunar New Year begins on the day just after the end of the festival. Even an elephant gets involved. This is the water fight of your dreams, so back up your Super Soakers, water balloons, and water bottles and go to Thailand for a wet and wild adventure.  Forget packed pubs and overpriced cafes, in Thailand during the New Year. Expect three days of oversized water tanks and buckets of the blue stuff as Songkran hosts in the hottest month of the year with country-wide water fights. Traditionally, the water symbolizes cleansing, but these days it seems more an excuse to get elephants to spray unsuspecting viewers.

Boryeong Mud Festival
This festival takes place in Boryeong on the 18-27th of July, in South Korea. As we know Korea is known for its outstanding festivals, but MudFest is perhaps the greatest among them. It takes place right by the Daecheon Beach, so you can easily muddy yourself up, then pop into the ocean to clean yourself. Leave your best clothes at home if you want to join the two million or so mud-loving people that make their way to Boryeong in South Korea for a summer-long fest. There’s mud wrestling, mud races, mud sliding, mud fireworks and just about anything else mud-related that organizers can think of. Luckily, there is a soap making class too.  In 1996 a range of cosmetics was produced using mud from the Boryeong mud flats. The cosmetics were said to be full of minerals,all of which occur naturally in the mud from the area.In order to promote these cosmetics, the Boryeong Mud Festival was created. It was hoped people would learn more about the mud and the cosmetics. The festival has become popular with both Koreans and western tourists, as well as American Military personnel stationed in the country, and foreign English teachers working in Korea.

Monkey Buffet Festival
The monkey buffet festival is a celebration that takes place in Thailand and it´s held every November 25th. The local peoples believe that monkey´s bring good fortune to the visitors. It has been held done since 1989, and it main public are the tourist from different parts, which offers proximally 4000 kilograms of food and drinks every year. It has also representative music and dances and different activities throw-out the day with young people dress like monkeys, as a shown of thanks because of their great value. As well it has become a very important colorful tradition to the Thailand people because of the meaning of the monkeys. In this festival the ones who enjoy the buffet are the monkeys them self. They enjoy with a large buffet of food, ranging from sweet desserts to fruits, vegetables, and sodas. In the monkey buffet you can watch the monkeys drink coke directly from the can. In the past years the monkeys have consumed over four tons of food, not many people are agree with the type of diet that this monkeys have on this event, but what it is a fact is that this animals certainly enjoy their annual special meal.

Holi is celebrated by Hindus Around the World on the 27th of  March  in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and other Hindu regions. Holi, also known as the Festival of Colors, celebrates the end of winter and the beginning of spring. It’s fun, safe, and free. Just remember to BYOD (bring your own dye). Entire country wears a festive look when it is time for Holi celebration. Market places get busy with activity as shoppers start making preparations for the festival. Lots of colours can be seen on the festival. It associates with the colorful flowers as they boom in spring. People throw at each other powders of various colors and wish each other a good harvest. 

International Balloon Festival
 International Balloon Festival takes place is the largest gathering of hot air balloons in the world. Essentially it’s like Up — but better. The Balloon Fiesta began in 1972 as the highlight of a 50th birthday celebration for a Radio station. It is held at the beginning of November every year in Japan. The fiesta is held just outside of Saga City, along the Kase River. It has grown from a gathering of 5 hot air balloons to a competition where over 3500 people volunteer, and has gained a reputation as one of the top ballooning competitions in the world. It is also a popular time for tourists as other Festival is held at the same time in the city. Since 1980 the launch site has been visited by over 10 million spectators. 

Cooper Hill’s Cheese Rolling Festival
Cooper Hill’s Cheese Rolling Festival takes place in  Gloucester, England on the 26th of May. If you’ve ever wanted to watch hundreds of men run down a hill while chasing a wheel of cheese, then you’re in luck — because the Cooper Hill Cheese Roll not only exists..A number of grown men running down a pretty steep hill to catch up with a roll of homemade cheese. Only the British could come up with a sport like this one.
It’s true—year by year thousands gather to watch this odd of events that’s been around since the 1800’s. Participants begin at the foot of the hill and race up to the top for the preliminary competition. Then an 8-pound wheel of Double Gloucester Cheese—the ultimate prize of the affair —is thrown from the top, and everyone chases after it. It’s dangerous, it’s messy, but it’s fun.

Running of the Bulls
 That happens in Pamplona, Spain, on the 6-14th of July. Let’s be real — who doesn’t like watching people make fools of themselves? The Running of the Bulls is a time-honored Spanish tradition, which is such to raise your adrenaline levels, whether you’re running or watching. The origin of this event comes from the need to transport the bulls from the off-site to where they would be killed in the evening. Youngsters would jump among them to show off their bravery. Spanish tradition says the true origin of the run began in northeastern Spain during the early 14th century. While transporting cattle in order to sell them at the market, men would try to speed the process by hurrying their cattle using tactics of fear and excitement. After years of this practice, the transportation and hurrying began to turn into a competition, as young adults would attempt to race in front of the bulls and make it safely. When the popularity of this practice increased and was noticed more and more by the expanding population of Spanish cities, a tradition was created.  

Baby jumping Festival
The festival’s  date changes.  Anyone who has a newborn addition to their family can bring their baby along to this festival known as the El Colacho which has taken place annually since way back in the 1620’s. The festival itself is part of the celebrations held all over Spain for the Catholic festival of Corpus Christi and whilst at this particular time many other cities and towns have spectacular processions and a variety of other popular means of entertainment and enjoying themselves, there is only one Baby Jumping Festival. The babies are laid on the ground in and grown men, yes adult males, dressed as devils jump over the infants and this is supposed to cleanse them of all evil doings. The question of who is protecting the babies from being stepped on by the adults is asked but who are we to doubt this traditional combination of religion and Spanish folklore which proves to be great fun, if not a little scary, to watch. 

Saint Marta de Ribarteme
The festival of near death experiences, is a slightly odd festival held in a small Spanish village, that borders Portugal – Las Nieves, Pontevedra, in Galicia and taking place on the 29th of July.
Every year in people who have suffered a near death experience in the previous year get together to attend Mass in celebration of Saint Marta de Ribarteme, but here is the twist: they turn up at Mass carrying a coffin, or being carried in a coffin. Thousands of people line the streets of this tiny village. At 10am, the relatives of the people who narrowed escaped death are expected to carry their loved ones in coffins to the small church.After Mass, which is projected across the village using loudspeakers, the procession then walks to the local cemetery and then back to the church with a large statue of the Virgin Santa Marta overseeing the celebrations. Despite the somberness of the event, people light fireworks and shopkeepers fill the streets to sell religious objects.